speaking of t h e Hedayat family in Iran,
people usually refer to the one Hedayat /
Kamal-Hedayat-family, that originates from Chahardeh Kalateh, part of
the former district of Hezar Jarib, between Damghan and the eastern
border of Mazandaran. It is
there, where the family
history starts with
the execution of the first traceable ancestor, Mohammed
Beg by order of Zaki Khan Zand, in spring 1779.
The prominence of that
family is today largely due to Sadegh Hedayat, who is
be one of the most important authors of modern
the great-grandfather of Sadegh, Mirza Reza Gholi Khan, known as 'Laleh Bashi',
with the pen-name 'Hedayat', has
reputation of that family, being not only considered one of the most learned men
19th century Iran, but being an eminent author of many oeuvres on
(Qajar-)history and compilations on Iranian poets and poetry which are
up to this day.
the close relation of the Hedayats to pen and paper is not
limited to above mentioned prominent members of the family. Jahangir
Hedayat and Sima Hedayat (nephew / niece of Sadegh H.) have published
own short stories, respectively poetry, not to talk about other members
that dispose about fascinating literary and poetical skills, but prefer
to present their oeuvres privately. Living and socialising in such an
environment, it is not surprising, that the Hedayats have family bonds
families of other prominent writers such as Ali Akbar Dehkhoda, Sadegh
Chubak and Bijan Jalali.
too, the Hedayats have left important marks, especially in the fields
instruction and communication infrastructure of Iran. Mirza Reza Gholi Khan
Vice-Director (Nazem) of the Dar-ol Fonun in 1852, which was Irans
both of his sons were educated at this college and rose to high senior
positions up to the top of the Ministry of Public Instruction, which
from 1881-1895 by the elder son, Ali
Gholi Khan Mokhber-ol Douleh I. and from
the younger son, Jafar Gholi Khan Nayer-ol Molk I., who previously had
the Dar-ol Fonun from
Telegraph Affairs became the domain of the Senior Branch, which appears
honorific title of Mokhber-ol Douleh
(= Reporter of the State),
bestowed first in 1869/70 and held through three generations in this
family-branch - until the abolishment of all honorific and military
May 1925. Public
Instruction was almost the domain of the Junior
is reflected in the honorific title of Nayer-ol
Molk (= Light
Country) that was from 1884/85 until 1925 held by two generations.
Mokhber-ol Douleh, Ali Gholi Khan, was a highly respected man with an
outstanding integrity, mirrored in Iranian as well as in many foreign
sources. Thus he had considerable
influence at the court of Naser-ol Din Shah. Three of
Mokhber-ol Douleh's sons, privileged by birth, education and skills,
to work and to strive for modernisation of Iranian politics.
"This family played a great role in the constitutional movement, especially the three
Mokhber-ol Saltaneh and
Mokhber-ol Molk, who lived in together in a large
refused to take office during the days of tyranny" as E.G.
stated it in his famous "The Persian Revolution".
As many other
families of the old aristocracy (i.e. those families in Iran, that had
been serving during several generations in high offices before
several family members have continued to serve the country under the
new dynasty of the Pahlavi as ministers and diplomats.